ZAHA MOHAMMAD HADID, OBE, HFAIA (1950-2016)
Hadid was born in Baghdad, Iraq, to an upper-class Iraqi
family. She attended boarding schools in England and
Switzerland, then studied mathematics at the American
University of Beirut before attending the London
Architectural Association School of Architecture in 1972.
There she met
Koolhaas, Elia Zenghelis and Bernard Tschumi. She worked
for Koolhaas in Rotterdam, becoming a partner in his
firm OMA in 1977.
Hadid established her own London architecture practice in
1980. Her acclaimed
work included the
aquatic center for the London 2012 Olympics, the Broad Art
Museum, and the Guangzhou Opera House among many others.
Hadid was active outside of architecture, creating
interiors, furniture, fashion, even brassware.
Like most starchitects, she was
demanding and difficult to deal with - and she suffered
for this as her male counterparts were praised for the same behaviors.
Hadid died of a heart attack in a
Miami hospital where she was being treated for bronchitis.
She was honored by many
organizations around the world. In 2004, she was the first Arab woman to receive the
Architecture Prize. She received the
Stirling Prize in 2010 and 2011. In 2012, she was created a
Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire and in
2015 she became the first woman to be awarded the RIBA Gold
Medal in her own right. Bio adapted from Wikipedia.
1993 - IBA Housing at Dessauer
Street 40, Berlin, Germany. Photo by Christian Ritchers
2003 - The Daniel Smargon-Audrey Viterbi Family Trust House, aka
California Residence, 8490 Whale Watch Way, La Jolla CA.
Unbuilt. 12,000 sf. Commissioned 2003. Designed with
Patrik Schumacher. The approvals started in 1997 and took years. The San Diego City Council finally approved it in 2012.
Later that year, nonprofit La Jolla
Shores Tomorrow (LJST) sued to block it on the basis of
compliance with various city and environmental ordinances, and
the client cancelled the project before it went to court.
2005 - Splittelau Viaducts
Housing at Splittelau Lände 10, Vienna, Austria. Photo by
. Commissioned 1994.
2010 - aka Symbiotic Villa.
Unbuilt. A housing prototype designed for the Venice
Bienniale. 700 square meters.
The Vladislav Doronin House, aka Capital Hill Residence,
Rublyovka, in the
Barvikha area of Moscow, Russia.
is the Beverly Hills of Moscow. 28,500 sf. Commissioned
2006. Model Naomi Campbell, who Doronin was dating
2008-2013, participated in the design. Cost, approximately
$140M. The swimming pool converts to a dance floor. Designed with
Patrik Schumacher plus local
architect Mar Mimarlik Ltd. This was Hadid's first completed
house, habitable in 2011 but
not completely finished until 2018.
2012 - aka Villa D, Dellis Cay, a
private island in the Turks & Caicos Islands.
Commissioned 2008. Unsure if built.
2018 - 520 West 28th Street , New York NY.
Commissioned 2015. Bottom two photos are of the three story condo penthouse.
Photos by Scott Frances.
Around 2020, maybe
- The Smargon Viterbi Family Trust House, aka Don Smargon and
Audrey Viterbi, 8490
Whale Watch Way, La Jolla CA.
Commissioned around 2011. An existing house was destroyed. 7000 sf. Neighbor protests and
lawsuits delayed construction.
Sources include: Zaha Hadid Architects.