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USModernist

ROBERT PAUL SCHWEIKHER (1903-1997)


Schweikher was born in Denver CO to a family of musicians. He originally trained in engineering at the University of Colorado Boulder for a year (1921-1922) before marrying Dorothy Miller. They moved to Chicago and studied at The Art Institute of Chicago while working for Lowe & Bollenbacher. After 2.5 years, he left to join David Adler and worked on the William McCormick Blair Estatein Lake Bluff IL.

Schweikher later studied at the Armour Institute of Technology before again transferring to, and receiving a degree from, the Yale School of Architecture. He returned to Chicago in 1930 and collaborated with George Fred Keck and Philip Maher. His works were included in an exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in 1933 and at the Century of Progress International Exposition. Schweikher joined Theodore Warren Lamb and Elting in 1934. Later the firm became Schweikher and Elting. In 1953, Schweikher was named chairman of the Yale School of Architecture. Five years later, he became head of the Carnegie Mellon School of Architecture. He retired in 1970 and moved to Sedona AZ.

An unbuilt 1955 hotel for Machu Picchu, Peru.

Many thanks to the Paul Schweikher Collection, Arizona State University Library; Tim Hills; Jeremy Schletz; and Catherine Westergaard Cramer. Bio adapted from Wikipedia.


Eliason, Charles W., Jr., House: Interior View

1932 - The Charles W. Eliason, Jr. House. Unbuilt.


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1935 - The General Electric New American House aka General Electric Small House Competition. Plan appears in Architectural Forum Magazine, June 1935. Designed with Theodore W. Lamb. The two architects won the $2,500 prize but also received criticism that his plan was plagiarized from Harwell Hamilton Harris' Lowe house.


1935 - The Jessie Kile House, Steger IL. Probably unbuilt.


Around 1936 - The F. E. Francis House, 6956 South Bennett Avenue, Chicago IL. Sold to the Lucille B. Russell Trust.


1936 - The John W. Haddock House, Elbridge Way, Michigan City IN. Probably unbuilt.


1936 - The David B. Johnson House, 6956 South Bennett Street, Chicago IL. Featured in Architectural Forum, November 1939. Photos by Hedrick-Blessing.


1937 - The Phoenix Williams House, 169 Bryant Avenue, Glen Ellyn IL. Commissioned 1936. Built. Destroyed around 2003. Photos from Chicago History Museum.


1937 - The George and Pussy Voevodsky House, St. Mary's Road, Libertyville IL. Russian farmhouse located to the east of the Des Plaines River. Landscape plan is in collection of Elbert Peet, Landscape Architect.


1937 - The Winfield Foster House, 727 South Oak Street, Hinsdale IL. Foster was married to the sister of Theodore Lamb, the architect Schweikher worked with. Featured in Architectural Forum, November 1939. Destroyed and a new house built in 2004. Photos by Hedrick-Blessing.


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1937 - The Paul Schweikher-Langsdorf House and Studio, 645 South Meacham Road, Schaumburg IL. The house features a masterful integration of brick, glass, and wood, situated on seven and a half acres with gardens designed by the noted landscape architect Franz Lipp. Includes a massive brick fireplace, passive solar room, cantilevered construction, exposed wood beams, built-in furniture, Japanese soaking tub, and Zen Garden.


1938 - The Calvin S. Collins Houses, Chicago IL. Renovated in 1956. Needs verification as built.


1938 - The Ideal Forum Farm. Ralph Rapson, William Fyfe, and Joseph Salerno were on the project team. Featured in Architectural Forum, October 1940. Probably unbuilt.


1939 - The Strecker House, Riverside IL. Commissioned 1936. Probably unbuilt.


1939 - The St. Joseph Housing Corporation, 1200-1215 Hillcrest Avenue, St. Joseph MI. Originally addressed 1200-1215 Ethel Avenue. Unbuilt. Several home styles, above plan is for a 2-story at 1215 Ethel. His designs were passed over for those of John Van Den Bogert, an architect with the Corporation, that were indeed built.


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1939 - The Glenview Cooperative Community, Redwood Village, Redwood Lane, Glenview IL. Seven houses were built for Northwestern University professors. The last house was built in 1946. Location approximately 1 mile from Fred Keck's Solar Park. Most houses have undergone remodeling. Example house built in 1942.


1939 - The Richard M. Lowenstein House, 854 Woodbine Road, Highland Park IL. Original street address 722 Ridge Road. Featured in Architectural Forum, November 1939. Many renovations. In the late 1980s there was an addition where there had been exterior walls/windows designed by an Edward Humrich. Another addition - seen in the second color exterior photo - enclosed the area that housed the outdoor steps down to the basement and extended the eastern wall of the dining room, replacing the large glass block window. Sold in 2016 to Craig and Katherine (Katie) Goldstein. B/W photos by Hedrick-Blessing; color photos by Katie Goldstein.


Around 1939 - The Ralph Guenther House, La Porte IN. Featured in Architectural Forum, November 1939. Photos by Hedrick-Blessing. Status unknown, address unknown.


1939 - The Emerson Settlement House, Hinsdale IL. Featured in Architectural Forum, November 1939. Photos by Hedrick-Blessing. Destroyed.


1939 - The Dushkin House and School, 555 Glendale Avenue, Winnetka IL. Destroyed in 1990.


1940 - The Harry Goebel House, McHenry County IL. Likely unbuilt.


1940 - The Stanley W. Burda House, 115 South Maple Street, Mount Prospect IL. Built for their daughter. When Dr. Burda died in 1943, the house was sold in 1944 to Jack Cunningham. Sold in 1945 to Captain and Mrs. Vernon Gault who added a garage. Sold to Frank Zupan. Sold in 1988 to Peter Austin, owner as of 2014. In 2005 Austin enlarged the dormers, added a copper roof, and enlarged the roofline. Photos by Peter Austin.


1940 - The Herbert Lewis House, Park Ridge IL. Project architect, William B. Fyfe.


 

1940 - The R. C. McVey House, 110 Sunset Avenue, Glen Ellyn IL. Featured in Architectural Record, November 1941.  Destroyed sometime between 1987 and 1998 based on aerial photos. B/W photos by Hedrick-Blessing.


1940 - The K. M. LaSalle House, Hammond IN. Likely unbuilt.


1940 - The W. Hamilton Wilde House, south of Rockland Road, Libertyville IL. Likely unbuilt.


1941 - The William Fleming House, Highland Park IL. Likely unbuilt.


1941 - The Edward F. Kuba House, DuPage County IL. Likely unbuilt.


1941 - The Ralph Cook House, Tobacco Road, Cedar Lake IL. Commissioned 1940. Probably unbuilt.


1941 - The Clark Maddock House, Grove Street, Lombard IL. Probably unbuilt.


1941 - The Fred and Louis Upton Apartment Building, 355 South Ridgeway Street, St. Joseph MI. Commissioned 1938. Overlooks Lake Michigan. The building had been in a fire and had been taken down to the studs for rebuilding. Has had many more renovations over the years.


1942 - The Philip Rinaldo House, 1347 Turvey Road, Downers Grove IL. Sold to Andrew and Pamela Lamantia. Sold in 2012 to Edward and Jessica Ranquist.


menninger anderson terrace, topeka ks

1942 - The Charles F. and Pearl Menninger House, 824 SW Anderson Terrace, Topeka KS. Address needs verification. Menninger opened several clinics in Topeka. Sold to Gary R. Downey, who destroyed it in 2011, bottom photo. Empty lot as of 2017.


1943 - The John Stone House, 330 Southwest Woodbury Lane, Topeka KS. Sold to Mary D. Beier.


1943 - The Harry W. Goebel Farmhouse, possibly at Northwest Highway, between Barrington and Crystal Lake, Barrington IL. Needs verification.


Around 1945 - The Lawrence L. Parrish House, Glenview IL. Part of the Glenview development.


1947 - The Fred Decker House, Peoria IL. Likely unbuilt.


1947 - The Loring C. Merwin Renovation, 601 South Mercer Avenue, Bloomington IL. He was publisher of the Bloomington Pantagraph. Sold in 2005 to Janie Frank.


Around 1947 - The Keeley Institute Dormitory, Dwight IL. Featured in Progressive Architecture, November 1947. No indication this was ever completed. The Institute slowed down by the early 1950s and completely shut down in 1965.


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1948 - The Robert Browning House, Glenview IL. Status unknown.


1948 - The Donald L. Berg House, 1001 Crescent Boulevard, Glen Ellyn IL. Commissioned 1947. Sold to Graham Heikes.


1948 - The Edward Mead House. Probably unbuilt.


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1949 - The Warren F. Wiggens House. Status unknown.


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1949 - The Rowland Watts House, Usonia Cooperative, New York. Unbuilt.


1949 - The Ernest C. and Lucinda Burhans House, 501 East High Point Road, Peoria IL. Featured in the book The American House Today by Katherine Morrow Ford. Sold to Wayne and Stefania Hanold.


Around 1950 - The George S. Keller House, 748 Country Club Lane, South Bend IN. Sold several times. Destroyed in 2010.


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1950 - The Louis C. Upton House, Scottsdale AZ. Commissioned 1948. The original model is in the permanent collection of the New York City Museum of Art. The site was originally a 21 acre citrus orchard but is now part of downtown. Over the years, the building became an elite bar, club, and grill. Sold to P. B McGinniss, a retired Long Island Railroad president. Destroyed in the 1970s.


1950 - The Thomas Darlington House, Paradise Valley AZ. Commissioned 1948. Unbuilt. Darlington instead commssioned architect Joseph Wong a few years later.


1950 - The Luman and Mary Lou Gray House, 360 Ridgeway Street, St. Joseph MI. Gray died in 1952 and his widow stayed in the house at least through 1954. Expanded over the years. Sold in 2020.


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1950 - Structural Clay Products Institute House, unsure if built. Featured in Brick and Clay Record, Volume 116-117, 1950.


1950 - The Richard Finch House, Paradise Valley AZ. Status unknown, address unknown.


1950 - The Robert Harring, Jr. House, 166 Park Avenue, Highland Park IL. Last sold in 1999.


1951 - The Isiah and Charlotte Lew House, 3 Bayberry Drive, Pleasantville NY. One of the Usonia Homes projects that Frank Lloyd Wright started and Schweikher and Elting completed. Sold to Steven Krog, landscape architect. Sold in 2018.


1951 - The Pete Yanson House, 424 West 12th Street, Chicago Heights IL. Needs verification.


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1952 - The Catherine J. and Edward H. Bennett House, 275 Long Lane Farm Road, Tryon NC. Bennett was a well-known Beaux-Arts architect. Originally on several hundred acres. Project architect, Holland Brady. The blueprints were donated by Brady to the Art Institute of Chicago in 2004. Featured in Architectural Record, May 1952. Transferred to the Long Leaf Farm Trust in 2011. Sold by the Trustee in 2019 to Faith S. and Mark W. Jorgenson.


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1952 - The Earl Oren House, Stevenson Drive, Monterey County CA. Likely unbuilt.


1952 - The Graeme and Ruth Stewart House, 252 East Park Avenue, Wheaton IL. Sold in 2013 to Dan Fitzpatrick.


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1954 - The H. P. Davis Rockwell House, 8 Thornwood Drive, Flossmoor IL. Commissioned 1952. Rockwell was so taken with Schweikher's work that he ended his engineering career to study to become an architect, eventually studying under Mies van der Rohe. Featured in Architectural Record Houses of 1956. Sold to David and Mary Jane Nelson. Sold in 1989 to Paul K. Awa. Deeded in 1996 to Penny S. Awa. Sold in 2003 to William G. and Amy M. Kachavos. Sold in 2017 to Anthony Jones and Linda Lawson. For sale in 2020.


1954 - House for Asbestos Cement Products, likely unbuilt. Clipping from The Baytown Sun.


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1954 - The Winston Elting House, Libertyville IL. Unsure of status.


1954 - The Joseph (Joe) and Helen Frazel House, 5N477 Curling Pond Road, Wayne IL. Helen Frazel was a landscape architect. She designed her own house in the 1960s. 4068 sf. Featured in Architectural Record, November 1955. Was on tour in 2009. Sold in 2013.


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1954 - The Alfred A. Schiller House, 734 Lenox Road, Glen Ellyn IL. Commissioned 1953. Originally built with no exterior windows. Rooms opened up to an interior courtyard. Addition by Keck and Keck Architects in 1964, including exterior windows, more bedrooms, and an attached garage. Gardens and courtyard design by Mary Moulton. Sold in 1957 to Louis and Louisa Kaberon. Sold in 2004 to Matt Nordloh who did a restoration. Added in 2008 to the National Register of Historic Places. The property was on the market for years. Sold in 2016 to adjacent neighbor Michael Bartenhagen in a short sale. Destroyed.


1955 - The Maryville College, Women's Dormitory, Maryville TN. Unbuilt.


1959 - The Anne Seabury Residence Hall, Southern Connecticut State University, 501 Crescent Street, New Haven CT. Designed with architect Earl Carlin. Currently the School of Business.


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1960s - The Duquesne University Residence Hall, Pittsburgh PA. Likely unbuilt. Schweikher did design the Student Union (photo above) and considered it one of the best of his concrete work. He was also asked to approach Mies van der Rohe to design the university's Science Center.


1964 - The Callas and Bauer Apartment Building, Kittanning PA. Status unknown, address unknown.


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1966 - The Donald Berg House, Project, Mt. Washington, Pittsburgh PA. Unbuilt.


1966 - The Pittsburgh Housing Authority, Low Cost Senior Housing, Bedford Avenue, Pittsburgh PA. Unsure if built. Featured in Engineering News Record, Volume 187, 1966. Status unknown, address unknown.


1967 - The George S. Keller House, St. Joseph MI. Unbuilt.


1967 - The Craig Wright House, Chapel Ridge Place, Lot 9, Fox Chapel PA. Sold in 2015.


1972 - The Paul Schweikher House, Sedona AZ. Sold to a Mr. Grant. Featured in Fine Homebuilding magazine in the 1980s with Will Bruder's photography. Destroyed around 1998.


1971 - The Peter and Suze Lowenstein House, 24 Old Orchard Road, Mendham Township, Morristown NJ. Unbuilt. Later house on the site designed by Chimacoff and Peterson, above. Sold in 2008 to architect Michael Brandes who did a complete restoration. Sold in 2015 to Daniel Anderson.


1974 - The Peter and Suze Lowenstein Summer House, Montauk, Long Island NY. Unbuilt. Later house on the site designed by Chimacoff and Peterson, above. Featured in Architectural Record Book of Vacation Houses, 1977.


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Year Unknown - The Keith Carpenter House. Status unknown, address unknown.


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Year Unknown - The Peter Parker House. Status unknown, address unknown. Presumably not Spiderman.


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Year Unknown - The Stuart H. Otis House. Status unknown, address unknown.


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Year Unknown - The Clare Tyler Studio. Status unknown, address unknown.


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Year Unknown - The Ross J. Beatty, Jr. House. Status unknown, address unknown.


Year Unknown - The A. P. Ross Renovation. Unbuilt.


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1962 - The Dorothy N. Sproul House, Loomis Street, New Haven CT. Status unknown, address unknown.


Sources include: The Paul Schweikher Collection at Arizona State University Library; Chicago Architects Oral History Project at the Art Institute of Chicago.